According to ornithological speculation, the first sea birds appeared approximately 200 million years ago.
According to geological speculation, the island of Nauru appeared 50 million years ago.
According to historic speculation, Micronesian and Polynesian people inhabited Nauru about 3000 years ago.
According to the logbook of the British whaling ship "Hunter," its crew were the first Europeans to encounter the island in 1798. The crew did not set foot on the island and the Nauruans did not board the ship. Captain John Fearn named it Pleasant Island.
According to a recently published history book, the first Europeans to live on Nauru in 1830, were escaped Irish convicts Patrick Burke and John Jones (later referred to as "Nauru's first and last dictator"). The Nauruans banished Jones from the island in 1841.
According to "Grundbuch Marshall-Inseln und Nauru" Prussian officials abolished the name Pleasant Island in 1888. Nauru was annexed by Germany and incorporated into the‚ Marshall Island’s Protectorate. The German gunboat SMS Eber landed 36 men on Nauru and took the twelve clan chiefs of Nauru hostage. Kings were established as rulers of the island.
According to the company books, Albert Ellis, prospector of the British Pacific Islands Company discovered phosphate on Nauru in 1900. The resource derives from a thousand-year cycle of bird droppings as they follow million-year-old flight paths across the Pacific. Ellis determined that a large rock from Nauru being used as a doorstop in the company’s Sidney office was rich in phosphate.
According to a contract from 1906, Britain divides the profits from phosphate mining with the German Jaluit-Society.
Nauru is seized by Australian troops from Germany’s colonial administration in 1914. According to article 119 of the Treaty of Versailles, Germany renounces all rights over Nauru and other territories in the Western Pacific in 1919.
According to the Nauru Island Agreement Australia, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom created a board known as the British Phosphate Commission. It took over the rights to phosphate mining in 1919.
According to medical records by the Commonwealth Bureau of Census and Statistics, the island experienced an influenza epidemic in 1920, with a mortality rate of 18% among native Nauruans.
According to war reports, the German auxiliary cruisers "Komet" and "Orion" sank five supply ships in the vicinity of Nauru on 6 and 7 December 1940. Komet then shelled Nauru's phosphate mining areas, oil storage depots, and the shiploading cantilever.
According to a post-war study conducted by the Australian military, Nauru is occupied by Japanese troops. 1,200 Nauruans, two-thirds of the population, are deported to Micronesia to work as forced laborers. Five hundred die from starvation or bombing.
1947 – Nauru is made UN Trust Territory under Australian administration.
1965 – The one-hit wonder "Unit 4 + 2" knocks "The Rolling Stones" off the number one spot in the charts with "Concrete and Clay."
1966 – Nauru Legislative Council elected.
1967 – Nauruans gain control of phosphate mining through Nauru Phosphate Royalities Trust, a sovereign wealth fund that distributes mining profits from the state owned mining company, The Nauru Phosphate Corporation.
1968 – Nauru becomes independent. Hammer DeRobert becomes its first president.
1969 – Nauru becomes associate member of Commonwealth.
1972 – The Nauru Government builds "Nauru House" – a 52-story skyscraper designed by architectural firm Perrott Lyon Timlock & Kesa at 80 Collins St, Melbourne. The building was sold in 2004 for 140 million Australian dollars.
1980’s – Due to global market forces, the price of phosphate soars, giving 80,000 Nauruans the highest per capita income in the world for several years.
1989 – United Nations Report for Pacific Island Developing Countries on greenhouse effect warns Nauru might disappear beneath the sea in the 21st Century.
1989 – Nauru sues Australia in the International Court of Justice for additional phosphate royalties dating back to trusteeship period, and compensation for mining damage.
1992 – Duke Minks a 47-year-old Liverpudlian, an adviser to the Nauruan government, and former road manager to Sixties one-hit wonder pop group "Unit 4 + 2" brings a tape recorder into the Nauruan parliament and plays extracts from the planned London musical "Leonardo the Musical – a Portrait of Love," featuring lyrics by the group’s former singer Tommy Moeller. He receives two million pounds to finance the musical – an investment that will supposedly help to put Nauru on the map and will pay back in dividends over the years.
1993 – Australia agrees to pay Nauru out-of-court settlement of 73m Australian dollars over 20 years. New Zealand and the UK agree to pay a one-time settlement of 8.2 million each.
June 1993 – More than 150 Nauruan dignitaries, including president Dowiyogo, are due to fly to London for the opening night of the musical "Leonardo." As the pilot prepares the Nauru Air 737 for take-off, people, mostly women, swarm the tarmac to prevent the plane from leaving, yelling in protest and hanging onto the aircraft to try and keep it aground. The incident is later recognized as the first time women on Nauru started to organize.
June 1993 – Leonardo da Vinci slaps the Mona Lisa on the bum, and asks her to “help me with my research” at the premiere of the "Leonardo" musical.
July 1993 – The musical closes, with huge financial losses, within weeks due to terrible reviews.
1995 – The Bank of Nauru collapses.
1997 – Nauru Agency Corporation is a government body that handles state investments. It has one standard mailbox and 450 banks registered to it.
1997 – Duke Minks leaves music behind for the banking world, eventually becoming an executive of Citibank Australia, where Nauru was a major client.
1998 – According to Victor Melnikov, Deputy Chairman of the Russian Central Bank, and both The Washington Post and The New York Times, between 70-100 billion dollars were transferred from Russian banks to accounts of banks chartered in Nauru, primarily to evade taxes, making it a hub for global off-shore banking.
1999 – Nauru joins the United Nations.
2000 – The OECD lists Nauru in its Plenary Report as a global epicenter of offshore tax havens and money laundering. Nauru is listed as a "Non-Cooperative Country or Territory."
2000 to 2003 – The USA classify Nauru as a rogue state for money laundering and indiscriminate sale of passports.
2001 – Australian Prime Minister John Howard initiates ‘The Pacific Solution’. Australia pays Nauru to hold asylum seekers picked up trying to enter the country.
December 2003 – Asylum seekers at Australia's offshore detention center on Nauru stage a hunger strike.
April 2004 onwards – Nauru defaults on loan payments, its assets are placed in receivership in Australia.
July 2004 – Australia sends officials to take charge of Nauru's state finances.
September 2004– President Scotty sacks parliament after it fails to pass reform budget by deadline.
2005 – The Australian government refuses to rule Nauru out as a potential site for an off-shore nuclear waste plant.
2005 – Mining has devastated about 80% of Nauru's land area, 40% of marine life is estimated to have been killed by silt and phosphate runoff.
December 2005 – Air Nauru's only aircraft is repossessed by a US bank after the country fails to make debt repayments.
September 2006 – Australia sends Burmese asylum seekers to Nauru.
March 2007 – Australia sends Sri Lankan asylum seekers to Nauru.
February 2008 – Under Prime Minister Rudd, Australia ends its policy of sending asylum seekers into detention on small Pacific islands, with the last refugees leaving Nauru.
January 2012 – Australia begins process of re-opening detention centers on Nauru at a cost of over 2 billion dollars.
May 2016 – Omid, a 23-year-old Iranian refugee sets himself alight on Nauru, during a visit by United Nations refugee officials to the island.
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